History of the European Hat

Hat is not only a decoration, hat is also a social status symbol according to aristocratic tradition. The history of Britain can be told by hats of many Britain’s most famous figures. Like Mr Churchill, a former British prime minister, he can always wear two hats between the roles of soldiers and politicians to show personal taste.

We always say that mixed fashion can not just superficial stay on the surface, we need to go deep into it, to understand, to analyze.

In the 16th century, people did not have the ability to make fancy hats, so they wrapped their heads with cloth towels. The court once issued a decree requiring people to cover their hair, and a number of simple hats began to emerge.Before the Middle Ages ,  Wimple, a hat similar to scarf , were very popular, it worn by women when they went out or took part in religious activities.

At the peak of the Gothic fashion in the 15th century , Hennin,a tall and tapered hat with a long yarn attached to its top, had appeared.

University professors in the 16th century wore black tweed hats made from mausoleum and became prototypes of modern college students’ quadrangles, and Catholics wore a hat called Biretta, which turned out to be a beret hat.

Later, the hat took on more class significance: the citizen wore a dark hat, the yellow hat represented the bankrupt, the prisoner wore a paper hat, the king wore a gold crown, and so on. At the same time, people on top of the height, began to have an unusually exaggerated worship. Baotou hats of all shapes became popular, and the British Triangle hat became popular throughout Europe. But with the French Revolution, the double-angle cap gradually replaced the triangle hats.

In addition to the love of tall hats, the royal family also advocated hair weaving and wigs in the 18th century. It is said that professional hair workers would first build hair ladders according to the needs of the owners, and then weave them along the bamboo ladder before designing appropriate hats and decorations on them after making up. Something such as a basket of vegetables, fruit, or a sailboat. Most are caps, and Calash made of flax or silk has become popular,that a lady can wear.

In 1840s, the size of the hat suddenly began to be more modest, so it was silent for several years. Up till now, hats were heavily worn, and only the most important occasions, such as the annual jockey races between the British aristocrats, came by chance with more exaggerated hats.

The most representative hat for men in the 19th century was Top Silk hat. It was also known as coke hatchet followed by a bowler in the shape of a modern Zhongshan hat, one of the longest-loved hats. And in this period, the brim of female hat becomes wider, ornate adornment begins to apply extensively.

In the mid-and late 19th century, women hats grew smaller and their faces were clearly exposed. Hats related to Eugenie, the queen of Napoleon III, were in vogue.

By the end of the 19th century, women who did not wear hats seemed ill-bred and even be regarded as “unscrupulous women.”in the west. Silk, with its lustrous texture, full of tenderness and ornate aristocrat, also became the preferred accessory to a beret hat, and the silk bow became a VIP on the lady’s hat in that period of time.

Before and after World War I, CLOCHE hats became popular with short hair. The bell-shaped hat is the most classic thing of the 1920s. It is shown in the hit film “the Great Gatsby” and “changing the clouds of doubt”. Hollywood’s Golden Age actresses deduce the subtle charm of the bell hat. This is the most retro and elegant style! The bell-shaped cap is a bell-shaped female hat popular in the United States from 1920s to 1933s.

Invented in 1908 by French designer Caroline Reboux. Its name comes from the French word “Cloche,” It means “clock”.

From the early 1930s to the second World War, military Look-style became popular. New look published by Christian Dior had a great influence on dress culture in 1947, and people wore hat with large brims. Small berets also appeared during this period.



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